Maximize Plant Growth with Pre-Cultivation Recommendations for Pelemix Coco Substrates

At Pelemix, we believe that a successful growth period begins with proper pre-cultivation procedures. Taking the time to correctly prepare your coconut substrate grow bags can prevent issues and ensure that your plants thrive throughout their growth cycle. Here are our pre-cultivation recommendations for coconut substrates to set you on the path to successful agriculture:

1. Placement of Grow Bags

When placing the grow bags on the trough, make sure the side with the Pelemix logo is facing upwards. This position helps maintain uniformity and facilitates identification during the growth process.

2. Proper Alignment of Compressed Material

Ensure that the compressed coconut substrate material is properly centered within the plastic bag, and that the plastic edges are oriented upwards. This alignment optimizes water distribution and helps roots develop properly in the substrate.

3. Individual Drippers with Microtube and Stake

For efficient irrigation, it’s crucial to include individual drippers with microtubes and stakes every 30 cm or less. We recommend a flow rate of 3 liters per hour or less. Since the substrate is compressed, it’s difficult to secure the stakes before the initial hydration, so make sure to insert them fully into the plastic bag for proper hydration of the grow bag.

4. Water Quantity for Expansion

For proper expansion of the grow bag, provide approximately 70% of its final volume in water. For instance, an 18-liter grow bag (100x15x12) requires around 12 liters of water to expand.

5. Application of Calcium Nitrate Treatment

During the expansion phase, applying a calcium nitrate treatment is essential as it displaces the sodium ions present in the coconut. For every cubic meter expanded (1000 liters) of coconut, apply 3 kg of calcium nitrate. A simple method is to mix the calcium nitrate with the expansion water. For example, for 55 grow bags of 18 liters each, use 660 liters of water and 3 kg of calcium nitrate. Apply this treatment over several watering cycles, let the Calcium Nitrate act for 48 hours, and then proceed with coconut rinsing.

6. Creation of Drainage Holes

After 48 hours of conducting the Calcium Nitrate treatment, create drainage holes on both sides of the grow bag, specifically in the corner between the side and the bottom of the bag. Each hole should have a length of 6-8 cm, and there should be at least four drainage holes. Optionally, you can acquire grow bags with pre-made planting and drainage holes, adjusting the calcium nitrate treatment accordingly.

7. Rinsing of Grow Bags

Rinse the grow bags with clean water to reduce the electrical conductivity (EC) level of the drainage water until it matches that of the clean water. While this process takes time and water, it’s vital for the healthy growth of your plants as it not only reduces the substrate’s EC but also eliminates the sodium ions present in it.

8. Planting Holes and Irrigation Stakes

During or after rinsing, create planting holes and reinsert the irrigation stakes into the grow bag. This ensures smooth planting and proper water distribution.

9. Complete Fertigation Formula

Once rinsing is complete, water the grow bags with two or three irrigations using a complete fertigation formula. This prepares the grow bags for planting, and after successfully completing these nine steps, your grow bags will be ready for use. By following these pre-cultivation recommendations for coconut from Pelemix, you can ensure optimal plant growth and maximize the success of your cultivation. Happy planting! For any further assistance or inquiries, feel free to contact us at Pelemix.